Persons with a developmental disability are those who have a “disability that is manifested before the person reaches twenty-two years of age, which constitutes a substantial disability to the affected individual, and is attributable to mental retardation or related conditions which include cerebral palsy, epilepsy, autism, or other neurological conditions when such conditions result in impairment of general intellectual functioning or adaptive behavior similar to that of a person with mental retardation” (CRS 27-10.5-102).
For children under five years of age, eligibility is based on determination of either a developmental delay or factors putting the child at risk of having a developmental disability.
A developmental delay is the slowed or impaired development of a child who is under 5 years old and who is at risk of having a developmental disability because of the presence of one or more of the following:
• Congenital syndromes and conditions associated with delay in development
• Metabolic disorders
• Prenatal and perinatal infections and significant medical problems
• Low birth weight infants weighing less than 1200 grams
• Postnatal acquired problems known to result in significant developmental delays
• A child less than 5 years old who is delayed in development by 1.5 standard deviations or more in one or more of the following areas; communication, self-help, social-emotional, motor skills, sensory development or cognition
• A child less than 3 years of age who lives with one or both parents who have a developmental disability.